Is there a god? How could one trust that there is a god in existence? Can it be proved?
This topic is dealt in an extensive way in the philosophical texts like shiva gnana bodham. Here the topic is discussed in brief.
If we take anything in the world there is something behind it for it to get created. If there is a stool there would be a carpenter behind it, a space craft – there would be a lots of scientists and technicians behind it and so on. This big universe that exists also should have been made by something. It could be argued that this came into existence because of the transformation of something else that existed before. But how did that come from? If we trace the path there should be ultimately something that is the reason behind all these things. That one which was the cause of all these things to come into existence is what we call as god.
So what is great about it? If we carefully look all the things we call as made are actually transformed from one form to other. So only the transformation takes place but no creation. But initially all these things or their predecessors were created by something we call god. So it is this god we can really call the source. All other things we call sources in the day to day life are just transformers in truth. This power that created these things should be extremely powerful to be a real source! So it deserves our salutations.
Translation :without creation how come all these worlds come into existence? If not so, by what means are the worlds created ? The ignorant raise many doubt about your existence.
This is one logical reply for the people who need proof to believe anything. The proofs are required only when a truth is not perceived. Who asks for proof for the existence of the air even when nobody physically sees it? When one can experience that supreme in the self what other proof is required. It could still be asked that this experience could be an illusion. But it can be boldly said no. The proof for it? Now we are talking about experience. This is something to be felt, not to be talked or proved. It cannot be done, unless the other party is trying to experience it. Otherwise it would be like telling about romance to a child, which is not grown to experience that feeling.
But that way one can always say all the illusions to be real experience. No, when these experiences are analyzed, it is very easy distinguish in neutrality which is an illusion and which is reality. The experience of god is not something as normal as any other feeling. It is something that is great that corrects us, liberates us, puts us in eternal bliss. Something beyond the reach of words, the greatness in silence. Hail that absolute.
Hindu concept of god
(Hinduism a perspective)
In general Hinduism considers god not just as the supreme all-powerful gigantic one, who commands the humanity to tread the way he/she/it says, but also a personal god whom the individual can worship out of love and not necessarily out of fear ! The fear brings one only up to certain point and beyond that it repels, but love takes through to the point. Devotion or bhakti as often referred to is a very key concept in Hinduism, even for the philosophically inclined ones. While the shashtras – be it vedas, agamas, puranas – describe the glory of god, one finds abundance of stotras that praise the god in love.
God is formless or with form ?
For Hindus god, as is, is beyond any attributes of form, color, shapes … That is, god does not have any specific form or name. In this state god is referred to as nirguna brahman (attributeless god). However god takes forms as perceived by humans and this perceived form is called saguna brahman (god with (good) attributes). These forms could range from calm to fierce to yogic. Each form has its significance. For example when one is depressed and sees the form of god strong and powerful, the seeker feels the moral boost that god would definitely be the support for the right thing. Similarly when in an auspicious ceremony would like the god to be the calm provider of boons. In a spiritually elevated state, the choice would be the yogic form of god. The forms provide a basis for the Hindu worshiper to easily pursue the otherwise incomprehensible supreme. So hinduism supports both form as well as formless worship of the god. Whether one worships in saguna or nirguna way, it is ultimately the same god.
Let us hail the god, who does not have a name or a form or anything like that, by singing thousands of its names! – thiruvacakam
Is there an evil force against god ?
God is the almighty and supreme. So how can there be anything good or bad against it ? If the good things are the creation of god and bad things of some other evil force, will the gravitational force of the earth be attributed to god or the other force, as it is vital good element for us to live at the same time kills somebody who falls down from a high-rise building! In the system made by god, normally one gets to enjoy the good or bad things based on what have been their inclinations and the actions they made because of that. (this is called karma). There is no evil (satan type) against god. In fact atharva veda puts it very clearly,
“na dvitiyo na tr^itiyashchaturtho napyuchyate na pa.nchamo na shashthah saptamo napyuchyate nashtamo na navamo dashamo napyuchyate ya etam devamekavritam veda”
There is none second to it, neither third not even fourth. There is none fifth to it, neither sixth not even seventh.there is none eighth to it, neither ninth not even tenth.it is the only supreme. This is to be known.
The concept of good and bad things is at a lower level and that too in a different way than strictly good and evil. The divines called devas are the protectors and the essentials who support the worlds. For example, air, sun, moon, water, fire etc. Those who disrupt the life supporting mechanism are the daemons called asuras. The conflicts between the two often arise and the Hindu epics talk in detail about them. However it should be kept in mind that as specified in puranas all the devas are not the perfect beings and the asuras the worthless evils.
Is god in some heaven beyond ?
God is not just something that stays in a far off heaven, who would be met with after death, if one gets to heaven etc. God is omnipresent. It is right in front of us. Oh, it is right inside us too. Well, it is in each and every minute of the minute particle present/void anywhere! Does it stay in a world beyond ? Of course it does there too. (very renowned gayatri mantra hails the supreme to be the earth, the world around and the skies beyond). One need not wait for the whole lifetime to get to meet god. The important concept in Hinduism is that god can be realized right here in this world and the god is not just magnificent almighty, but is also a sweet lovely one, with whom you can have a relationship – devotee, spouse, sibling, child, parent… God is not just in some heavens, it is right in us. It is both transcendental as well as intermixed in everything. Those who realize its presence reap the grand reward.
Those who say he resides up in the sky, say so; those who say the lord of divines residing down in the world beneath, say so. I would say, the lord of wisdom, who got his throat brightly adorned with the stain of poison, is residing in my heart.
Is god a he ?
Hinduism says, god is not just a he. It is beyond the created contours of gender. For this reason the scriptures very often use the term “it” to refer to god apart from using he and she. Especially when it comes to the supreme in the natural state (formless, attribute-less), they prefer it to he or she. The form of lord ardhanarishvara clearly conveys that god is masculine, feminine and neuter. When the god is called the lord of all creatures, it is the god irrespective of the gender, animal race, or whatever other differentiation one could think of.
God is understood not only postulated
The beauty of Hinduism is that the concept of god is tried to be understood, experienced. There are puranas that elaborately tell through the voice of the divines the glory of god. These are one part. On the other hand the scriptures like upanishads analyze through questioning and reasoning the concept of god. These two types go very much hand in hand. Neither the divine glory limited to the reaches of the human mind with the purana like scriptures telling the things beyond the normal human reach. At the same time they do not command a blind following of some super-human texts, but also very much permit analysis. The presence of a range of philosophies in Hindu system is the testimony of this. There are texts like yogasutras that cover the scope from reasoning to divine glory too. So the total and complete spectrum of human verification to super-human wisdom is richly available for the smooth progress of the follower in Hinduism. No need to be blind-folded, explore your way to the supreme !!
Those who did not get the deeper sense out, keep lecturing out the book-confined knowledge. – arpudhath thiruvandhadhi
(Hinduism a perspective)
There are so many gods in hinduism. Do hindus believe that there are multiple gods ? Why do they worship multiple gods ?
There are 33 devas (divines) that include agni, indra, varuna, vayu and others. There are many references to these names in the vedas. If we analyze it we could see that each one is an essential function (fire, water, air, sun etc) that supports our living in this world. So these 33 aspects are hailed in the Vedas. But Hindus consider the trinity (brahma, vishnu, rudra) to be above these divines. While Brahma does not get worshiped by many as the god, shiva (rudra is an aspect of lord shiva) and vishnu are worshiped by the shaivites and the vaishanavaites respectively. Along with shaivism and vaishnavism, shaktam, ganapatyam, kaumaram, sauram are the four religions that make up the shanmata (six religions) on the Hinduism.
Hindu scriptures state clearly that there is only one supreme god (ekam sad viprah bahuta vadanti). Then why are so many deities and worship ? It can be understood by reading the scriptures that each of these devas represent/have an aspect/energy of the supreme. So in essence it is a complete divine system that operates. For example the shaivites consider shakti as the dynamic part of the supreme. Each of the six religions of Hinduism would call by different names and would put forward different philosophies, but all agree that there is one and only one supreme god.
It is in fact the specialty of Hinduism that it lets multiple perspectives of the god to coexist on its platform, all sharing the same common dharma.
In essence there is only one god and the other divines (many times callas as gods) are responsible of one part of nature or other. The god is worshiped in multiple perspectives, names in Hinduism that has six major religions in it. This has been possible due to the tolerance of Hinduism.
The different practices based on the three vedas, samkhya, yoga, pashupata, vaishnava etc. Say this is superior, that is superior etc. But as the sea is the final resting place for all types of streams, you (god) are the final reaching place for all those paths. – shiva mahimna stotram
Sri. Shiva Prabhakara Siddha Yogi Parama Hamsar