HINDUISM or VEDISM IS THE BASE OF PAGANISM

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Hinduism/Vedism is vast and accommodating the varied nature of people, still providing a framework for the lives to progress in spirituality. For one who has not taken up the study of Hinduism through established process, it may be confusing. Here is an attempt to provide a crisp overview of “what is Hinduism?”. Beyond this the seeker could decide to delve deep on specific subjects in Hinduism. God bless us through this sweet journey of exploration.

 

Concept of Hinduism

Hinduism being very vast with its philosophies and emitting the light that stood time tested, glares many times the eyes of one who seeks to find what is inside it. Often one gets confused with the availability of multiple answers to the same question and the presence of numerous ways that it suggests to one who seeks it for upliftment. Because of this glare one may see only the darkness and may tend to think Hinduism is a religion of rituals and old fashioned. But when one comes beyond this initial confusion and gets to taste its real essence, he/she would realize these qualities of Hinduism are in fact its assets.

Hinduism is an open-minded discipline. It is a discipline that does not use force on its follower. That is, it does not dictate the follower to act by one step by step recipe it gives, condemning all other recipes. In fact Hinduism is a discipline that allows many religions like shaivam, vaishnavam and many others to coexist sharing the dharma (discipline), permitting many philosophies – at times mutually exclusive – to be propounded. It is not a religion of mere postulations. It is a free but disciplined system, which has the concepts that could be proved by logic or by experience.

Religion of Hinduism

Hinduism is the place which suits both the adventurous intellectual who wants to explore the essence and the real truth and the simple person who would be happy to follow a simplified procedure set that would easily uplift him/her without having to break the head with philosophies. It also allows the in-between person who wants to just make sure that what he/she gets is good enough and at the same time not getting caught in the complex current. It is a roaring gigantic waterfall that runs into streams and sub-streams that joins and finally into the ocean. The brave courageous thinkers could go to the trunk of the magnificent waterfall to explore and share the feeling with others, while the ones who do not want to get bewildered by that route could quench their thirst from one of the nice streams flowing from there and all in-between could go up to the point to satisfy themselves that the streams are from the same trunk and reaching the same ocean.

The problem comes when the simple one gets scared of the roaring complexities of the Hinduism and the adventurous one sees only the narrow running stream. It is a problem of improper application but not a problem of the system itself.

Hinduism, when proper facade of it is chosen depending upon ones own requirements, is certain to bring the upliftment for one who follows – be it the one who wants to simply follow things, or be it the one who wants to go with things only after lengthy analysis or the one who wants to be balanced between the two.

Meaning of the word Hinduism

Hinduism, the word having its roots in Indus (the river), refers to the religion and philosophies that were prospering in the land around and beyond the river Indus. Hinduism originally was spread throughout the world (1), but at some later periods of time it has been practiced only in the Indian subcontinent. The discipline having no founder for itself and is in existence from the time undefined does not refer to itself as Hinduism. It was the people from outside who discovered this practice called it by this name Hinduism and now that has been generally referred to by this name only.

What was Hinduism originally called?

Originally the names that were used to refer to this discipline are vaidIka dharma (meaning discipline of vedas) and sanatana dharma(meaning eternal discipline). If the religions practiced in the subcontinent are referred to as Hinduism it would mean a broad umbrella, which includes the Jainism, Buddhism and various other religions that took birth in this land and then spread to the other parts. These religions share many of the common roots with the sanatana dharma. Hinduism being an open framework and these philosophies and customs are very closely associated with the main streams, it may not be wrong all together to call them so. However, as Hinduism is vaidika dharma – based on vedas, and since Jainism and Buddhism do not base their doctrines on vedas, in these sections generally Hinduism would mean the core Hindu discipline – based on vedas.

It is quite important to note the fact that it is a discipline and not a religion by the terms as defined for most other religions. As already said, it is actually, a framework where different religions and philosophies build on the core knowledge and grow.

How Hinduism compares with other religions

Before we start getting to the details of Hinduism, it would be quite useful to get registered with the fact that Hinduism is quite different from the normal religion definitions and hence asks for a complete paradigm shift in terms of what is being looked for in a religion. Unless this preparation is done one is very likely to be bewildered and overwhelmed by the gigantic versatility of Hindu concepts. Many people get confused when they try to compare Hinduism with the other religions say like Christianity or Islam. While most of other religions have “well defined” boundaries, the question they have is why Hinduism is not like that. For example there would be one named God, one holy book, one founder, one set of rules, which the adheres must follow, and Hinduism does not have these kind of definitions.

Doctrine of Hinduism

This is the most important and valuable specialty of Hinduism that it has not closed itself inside any contours, but is the realistic representation of the limitlessness of knowledge and experience. It is absolutely open minded. This is the religion that calls let the good things come from all the directions of the world (aa no bhadrah kratavo yantu vishvatah – Rig veda). Thus this religion nurtured the good concepts with a neutral mindset. Hinduism is a dharma (discipline) than a religion. Various religions stand over this dharma. In general this is not the religion of just postulations.

Very naturally this religion does not force even the acceptance of God to the followers. The Hindus are not threatened that they would be punished for not praying/believing the God, whereas the major scriptures advice the followers to hold to the God in order to get liberated from the rough road of pleasures and pains! Even those things undergo a very healthy debate. Nothing is unquestionable. The Hindu scriptures instead of defining the way, in which the Hindus should live, in a better way, act as supporting material for the individual to decide the course of life and stand by that.

Does it mean that there is no discipline and guidance? Certainly it provides various “ready to use” paths for the simple people, but this is not a forced one for others. It would be astonishing to note that in the same platform of Hinduism both the ritualistic orthodox traditions and something like nyaya vada, which questions and criticizes blind faith etc stay, harmoniously with meaningful discussions among them. The reason is the openness of this religion.

Significance of Hinduism

Hinduism is the oldest and active among all the religions that have very big number of followers. There is no definite date of birth for this religion and even in future whether it could be clearly found is not quite possible, given the fact that this discipline is found in existence even in the earliest analyzed period of the modern history. In this very big period this matured religion has contributed a lot to the humanity and developments. It is worth to stress the scientific approach and openness towards things, the proof of which lie through all its scriptures very rich in knowledge covering a large panorama, be it astronomy, mathematics, alchemy, health and personal growth and what not! The inventions and discoveries by the Hindu sages who also formulated the number system are in numerous which one finds scattered all throughout the scriptures. But it is quite shocking that the later generations, which were in politically disturbed state forgot/ ignored/ lost many of these marvels.

A unique characteristic of Hindu set of religions (includes Buddism, Jainism etc) is that its philosophers start the analysis from a more concrete and most logical question of “who am I” than to start with the postulations on an abstract God at the start. When you invent something, you probably need to have define the abstract result first and work towards that. But when it is a discovery, it should be following the known information one gets to know the unknown things beyond and finally comes the great discovery. Hinduism does not invent God but it discovers. It neither stops at the human boundary confused and failing to go forward, but gets to the divine aspects supported by facts. This makes their findings more logical and realistic and even the super human descriptions experienceable if not explainable.

These and many more specialties of Hinduism make it a harmonious and worth religion, which is suitable for any time in present or future, for any land or creed.

Who is the founder of Hindu religion?

Normally a philosopher/ prophet comes up with a system revolutionary or at least that did not exist before for that set o followers. Accepting the new system disciples and other people start following the religious system and for the new religion that person is the founder.

In case of Hinduism

  • The system existed from time unmemorable.
    • Hindu scriptures talk about things that happened at periods of time, whose specified count is much much higher than the period well known to history scholars of current time. (yuga, manvantara, kalpa etc.)
    • Even the scientific excavations show the existence of well-developed worship, at very early periods. (For example excavations in ancient towns of Harappa and Mohenjo daro reveal the ancient worship of pashupati, shiva linga – the Hindu God Shiva.)
  • There were, of course, very many philosophers who came up with new systems. However given the wide spectrum of Hinduism, its accommodative-ness towards new ideas and philosophies all the new changes made it a healthy religion that does not get stagnant.
  • People used their discretion to find the suitable paths through the wisdom of one or more philosophers and there was a real diverse system.

So, there is No Single (Human) Founder for Hinduism and it existed from time unexplored, as a religion.

For that purusha the celestial’s are the (first) worshipers.

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MAGNIFICIANT GURU OF ALL AGES- PRABHAKARA SIDDHA YOGI

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THE MYSTERIOUS LIFE OF BRAHMMANANDA SREE SHIVA PRABHAKARA SIDDHA YOGI PARAMAHAMSA AVADHUTAR.

MAGNIFICENT GURU OF ALL AGES

Now, 723 years completing after his birth. Siva Prabhakaran born in 1263 March,(and passed away on April 6th 1986,at Omalloor), at Akavoor Mana situated Eranakulam District, Kerala which had rights to give punishments to Travancore Royal Kings. Father was named Iravi Narayanan Namboothirippad. Mother was Goury Antharjanam from Azhvanchery Mana who were top among all Brahmins at that time.

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DAKSHINAMURTI AND HIS 4 RISHI STUDENTS.ONE IS KNOWN AS VYAGHRAPAADAR OR PULIPPANI SIDDHAR.HE HAD A TIGERS FEET.PULIPPARA IS THE ROCK WHERE HE USED TO MEDITATE ON SHIVASHAKTHI.

 

Sri Prabhakara Siddha Yogi’s Siddhi’s are acknowledged By Dr. Robert Svoboda in his famous book ” AGHORA II Kundalini ” chapter 8 ,page 213 under the chapter Immortals and under heading “Notable Siddhas (Book 2 of the trilogy explores the kundalini, the force of forces. Tantra, mantra, the sacred fire, chakras and consciousness. Written in the personable form of Vimalananda’s storytelling and recounting of life’s episodes we are able to truly enter the invisible realms.)

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” SRI SIVA PRABHAKARA  SIDDHA YOGI IS THE GREAT GURU OF VARIOUS SPIRITUAL LEADERS IN INDIA AND ABROAD. SIDDHA YOGI LIVED 723 YEARS IN VARIOUS PART OF WORLD  GIVING SPIRITUAL GUIDANCE TO VARIOUS PEOPLE  (AND AFTER BY SPIRITUAL BODY ) “

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Real Epics

Mainly there are three types of Yoga’s. “Hadha, Lambika and Saivaraja”. Sivaprabhakaran has over gone all the stages of Yoga’s. Finally Stepped up to the entire stages of the states of the knowledge. And at last He became the Knowledge itself.

He told many times to his devotees that he has been accepted or depend a body of Pure Knowledge. If such a deity accept or depends a body of knowledge; if very many period he stand still in that body itself, no change will happen to His adhathmic stage or knowledge. Only Sivan can create that situation. Sivan is the eternal supreme knowledge he have no beginning or end. No name or format. He is the everlasting and unchangeable. There is no second one to him. He is reason less incarnation of the Brahma. No scar can stain to that person. He himself find filled in this universe. He is the doctrine of Siva and Siva himself. It is like sun and its rays. The Siva himself embodied as Sivaprabhakaran for the welfare and progress of adhyathmic life of his humanity. That is because he is seen always “Abhaya Varada” Mudra’s. There is no other yogi everseen such as Sivaprabhakaran.

He didn’t told anything but showed everything. Gave Murukopadesam to Srimath Chattambi Swamikal. Walked from the extremes of the sea water came and gave adhyatmic advice (Gurupadesha) to Karuvatta Swamikal. Many times stayed with Sri Neelakanta Guru at Chengottukonam shrine. Gave blessings to Sreenarayana Guru and Mata Amritanandamayi Devi. Never liked to be known as a saint. Never gone for publicity. The people who approached Sivaprabhakaran for availing wealth and wishes they found him as a very ugly character. But those who depended him for adhyathmic welfare, He gave all blessings to fulfill their wishes.

In all five continents of the world there are devotees who adorably worship their guru Sri Prabhakara siddha yogi in their hearts. With the aim of bringing all the devotees under one umbrella we are in the process of forming the Akhilaloka Sri Shiva Prabhakara Siddha Dharma Pracharana Bhaktha Jana Kshema Trust so that every creature on the face of this earth shall have the divine grace of Bhagvan deservingly.

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ABOUT SIDDHAYOGI IN MALAYALA MANORMA JOURNAL

Omallur, is now growing as a world pilgrim center. Lord Sri Dharma Sastha Bhaghavan Sree Ayyappan in order to clear his doubts and for advice came to great Rishi Pulinayaka Swamiyar who lived in Pulippara (tiger rock).  Omallur also houses the tombstone of Rev. Bhava Thirumeni, so it also known as world-renowned Christian pilgrim center also. It is the land of Sree Rakthakandeswaram temple and Sri Prabhakara siddha yogis Mahasamadhi Mandapam shrine. This place has been blessed with footsteps of Mahatma Gandhi, Matha Amrithanand Mayi who is respected all over the world as the holy mother, Karuvatta Swami, all swamis of the Sankaracharya Peedom and flying Swami (Sri Vishnu Devand).  Swami had people from all religions, cast and creed as his followers. Mahama Bhagvan Sri Prabhakara Siddha Yogi had considered the entire human race, as one.  Swamiji was the oldest among the great Sanyasis of the world.

 

Field trading (Vayal Vanibham) was famous and popular in old Travancore state was a specialty in Omallur.  Farmers who lived on the hills, after their harvest used this field trade (Vayal Vanibham) festival to sell their products and buy their requirements for the coming year.  Even today this trade is celebrated under the responsibility of Omallur Village Panchayat and the people.

 

Prabhakara Siddha Yogi was born in Akavoor Mana, as the son of Sri Iravi Narayanan Namboothiri of Akavoor Mana in Chowara near Alwaye and Srimathi Gowri Antharjanam of famous Azhvancherry Mana of Malabar in 1263. Meenam, Pururuttathy, was his birth star.

 

HE was said to be the re-incarnation of Pulinayaka Swamiyar.  According to mythology Pulinayaka Swamiyar had migrated to Kailas with Lord Ayyapa.  According to scriptures if one is born on the earth he must obtain samadhi on earth itself.  Bhagvan took birth in Akavoor Mana in 1263 for this very purpose.  When he was nine years old Lord Shiva, disguised as a Goswami came to Akavoor Mana and took Prabhakara to a cave in the Himalayas.  Prabhakara was taught hatha yoga pranayama etc.  It is said that, afterwards, Goswami merged into Prabhakara, he applied the lessons he learned in to his life. He adopted this human form and lived on this earth for 723 years. He lived thirty years with Nathakuzhiyil Janardhanan Nair, his Manasaputhran and accomplice in previous birth, at Sidhashramam in Pulippara hill, Omallur, which was also his residence in his previous birth.  On April 6th 1986, exactly on the fall of his birth star Pururuttathy, Bhaghavan attained Mahasamadhi.

 

Many present days famous spiritual persons came to Nathakuzhy House and spent few days there as per the order from Prabhakara Siddha Yogi and received advice’s and directions in their younger days.  Prabhakara Siddha Yogi was known by many names in different places during his lifetime.  In Tamil Nadu he was known as Pambatti siddhan.

 

From Pathanamthitta district headquarters, if one travels 3 km through either Pathanamthitta-Pandalam, Pathanamthitta-Adoor road one can reach, Omallur Sri Rakthakandeshwaram Temple.  If one reaches the Omallur temple junction, anybody will tell the way to Samadhi.  If one reaches the Govt. Ayurveda hospital, through the road on the northern side of temple junction they will find a road, west of Govt. Ayurveda Hospital through which they can reach the Mahasamadhi temple of Jagat Guru.

 

Mahasamadhi Mandapa and the corridor on its front correspond to the Hagadh Gurus Charisma.  On the northern side is the Vana Durga Temple popularly known as Pulippara Amma. In order to develop the vast land here, substantial money is required for road and electricity also.

 

This is a place of worship for all religions.  Any person irrespective of religion has full freedom to mediate and to offer silent prayers.  Anyone can put down his/her bag of worries and if he/she pray for something after offering Guru Dakshina he will be rewarded with what he has asked for, which has been the experience of many people who have visited and prayed here.  Mother nature has blessed this place generously.  A visitor who comes once to this place will re-visit this place again and again, which is only a miraculous truth.  To develop this World Pilgrimage Center and for convenience of the devotees who came to visit this place, co-operation and help is needed from good-heart people.

 

So we humbly request your wholehearted help and visit this holy Pilgrim center for the development of this Universal Pilgrim Center.  Special pujas, Distribution of food (Annadhanam) and Bhagavatha Parayanam is conducted every month on Malayalam star Pururuttathy.  Requesting everyone’s help for the development of the Mahasamadhi Temple of Jagadhguru and Protector of entire World Sri  Prabhakara Siddha Yogi and for the welfare of devotees.

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English journal about Siddhayogi

 

Above and apart from all our biological concepts, the Devotees of Siva Prabhakara Sidha Yogi believe that, he is living among us even now, with human body. He is the embodiment of Brahma, the Supreme Deity. Numerous stories, fables and myths standing about him at all times. Lord Siva Prabhakara embodies for the welfare, development, and ecstasy of the human. He is leading his devotees to the Eternal bliss of consciousness.

The Highest goal to be attained in spiritual life is Self-realization; Sivaprabhakaran is the embodiment of self-The Pure consciousness. He is the Eternal Bliss and the Supreme Deity. Sivaprabhakaran, wish to lead all human to self-realization so he is always living with the incarnated body.

 

Life Before 70 Years

1942. The period of 2nd world war. Fishermen of the Eranakulam, Kerala sea shore got a human; included in the net with fish from the depth of the sea. Five and a quarter feet height. Polished black wood like strong body with clear muscles. The lower middle part of the body covered with a loincloth and one country towel. The hair (Jeda) in the head, tide to upper like Shiva Linga. At certain moments can find a cane in his hand. The fingers in both paws should be in Chinmudra at all times. While at that captured time that body was covered with Sea – Shells and algae. The people and police sealed their opinion towards this person “he is definitely a Japanese Spy”,  In this belief they locked up this person at Mattancherry police station at Eranakulam , Kerala. Then the Police sub-Inspector started to convince the truth, using brutal Police operations towards him. After that long exercise the tired Police Inspector returned to his residence for lunch. On the way he saw that the lock upped person walking behind him. Certain strange experiences also happened in connection with that. Later the authorities came to a dilemma. They asked him whether he knows any person anywhere in Kerala. He replied – such a person is at Travancore. His name is C.P. Ramaswami Iyer. The Cochin authorities at once informed about this strange person to C.P. Ramaswami Iyer, who was the Travancore Divan (Chief Minister to the Royal King) at that time. The Divan send messenger and escort person to bring this strange person to Trivandrum stating his pardon towards Him. This was the main news story at prominent Malayalam Newspapers, Pouradhwani and Mathrubhumi at that time. Want you know this character? That is the true embodiment of the pure self-consciousness, Supreme Diety -Brahmananda Srimath Siva Prabhakara Sidha Yogi Parama Hamser Thiruvadikal.

Birth and Yoga

Now, 738 years completing after His birth. Siva Prabhakaran born at Akavoor Mana at Eranakulam District which has Royal rights to sentence punishment to Travencore Royal Kings. Father was named Iravi Narayanan Namboothippad. Mother was Goury Antharjanam fro Azhvanchery Mana who were top among all Brahmins of that time. Prabhakaran born at AD 1263 March (Kollam era 436, Meenam (Poorurutathi Star) as their 8th son. At the age of 8 Prabhakaran was called by Great mountain Himalayan as a result of the encouragement of previous sanctity of life. He has been over gone the hardest routines and limits of Yoga, Meditation and knowledge –spending 43 years at that Deva Bhumi.

He achieved all realizations of Yoga and Meditation. Then became the incarnation of pure self-consciousness – The Supreme knowledge. One can understand and get blessings from him only through the adaption of spiritual practices. Prabhakara Siddha yogi applied in his body the KALPAM a secret medicinal preparation and thus changed his human body undestroyable and everlasting. Even now and always he is with all people, especially with devotees. One who wish to see him for favor of self-knowledge or self-realization he can see them.

There is no other realized person like Prabhakara Siddha yogi ever appeared in this world, keeping “ChinMuddra” at all times in both hands and giving Abahayam and Varam together to the devotees.

One who wishes to realize the self he can depend Siva Prabhakaran’s blessings. One who wishes worldly pleasures with God blessing Sivaprabhakaran is the only dependable deity in these days

 

Real Epics

Mainly there are three types of Yoga’s. “Hadha, Lambika and Saivaraja”. Sivaprabhakaran has over gone all the stages of Yoga’s. Finally Stepped up to the entire stages of the states of the knowledge. And at last He became the Knowledge itself.

He told many times to his devotiees that he has been accepted or depend a body of Pure Knowledge. If such a deity accept or depends a body of knowledge; if very many period he stand still in that body itself, no change will happen to His adhathmic stage or knowledge. Only Sivan can create that situation. Sivan is the eternal supreme knowledge he have no beginning or end. No name or format. He is the everlasting and unchangeable. There is no second one to him. He is reasonless incarnation of the Brahma. No scar can stain to that person. He himself find filled in this universe. He is the doctrine of Siva and Siva himself. It is like sun and its rays. The Siva himself embodied as Sivaprabhakaran for the welfare and progress of adhyathmic life of his humanity. That is because he is seen always “Abhaya Varada” Mudra’s. There is no other yogi everseen such as Sivaprabhakaran.

He didn’t told anything but showed everything. Gave Murukopadesam to Srimath Chattambi Swamikal. Walked from the extremes of the sea water came and gave adhyatmic advice (Gurupadesha) to Karuvatta Swamikal. Many times stayed with Sri Neelakanta Guru at Chengottukonam shrine. Gave blessings to Sreenarayana Guru and Mata Amritanandamayi Devi. Never liked to be known as a saint. Never gone for publicity. The people who approached Sivaprabhakaran for availing wealth and wishes they found him as a very ugly character. But those who depended him for adhyathmic welfare, He gave all blessings to fulfill their wishes

Published Articles

The below articles has been taken from the published book named “Brahmananda Sreemath Sivaprabhakara Siddhayogi Paramahamsar” Prepared by “Sreedharan Swami Thiruvadikal” , Vanamaleeswara Temple, Parvathy Puram Nagarkovil, 629003, TN

 

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Siddhayogi

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SIDDHAYOGI SAMADHI

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PULIPPARA

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YONITHEERTHAM. NATURAL FORM OF YONI OF SHAKTHI

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AMMA, The popular Matha Amruthanandamayi who was first initiated by siddhayogi

IS THERE A GOD ? – Answer.. FROM HINDUISM

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Is there a god? How could one trust that there is a god in existence? Can it be proved?

This topic is dealt in an extensive way in the philosophical texts like shiva gnana bodham. Here the topic is discussed in brief.

If we take anything in the world there is something behind it for it to get created. If there is a stool there would be a carpenter behind it, a space craft – there would be a lots of scientists and technicians behind it and so on. This big universe that exists also should have been made by something. It could be argued that this came into existence because of the transformation of something else that existed before. But how did that come from? If we trace the path there should be ultimately something that is the reason behind all these things. That one which was the cause of all these things to come into existence is what we call as god.

So what is great about it? If we carefully look all the things we call as made are actually transformed from one form to other. So only the transformation takes place but no creation. But initially all these things or their predecessors were created by something we call god. So it is this god we can really call the source. All other things we call sources in the day to day life are just transformers in truth. This power that created these things should be extremely powerful to be a real source! So it deserves our salutations.

Translation :without creation how come all these worlds come into existence? If not so, by what means are the worlds created ? The ignorant raise many doubt about your existence.

This is one logical reply for the people who need proof to believe anything. The proofs are required only when a truth is not perceived. Who asks for proof for the existence of the air even when nobody physically sees it? When one can experience that supreme in the self what other proof is required. It could still be asked that this experience could be an illusion. But it can be boldly said no. The proof for it? Now we are talking about experience. This is something to be felt, not to be talked or proved. It cannot be done, unless the other party is trying to experience it. Otherwise it would be like telling about romance to a child, which is not grown to experience that feeling.

But that way one can always say all the illusions to be real experience. No, when these experiences are analyzed, it is very easy distinguish in neutrality which is an illusion and which is reality. The experience of god is not something as normal as any other feeling. It is something that is great that corrects us, liberates us, puts us in eternal bliss. Something beyond the reach of words, the greatness in silence. Hail that absolute.

 

 

Hindu concept of god

(Hinduism a perspective)

Personal god

In general Hinduism considers god not just as the supreme all-powerful gigantic one, who commands the humanity to tread the way he/she/it says, but also a personal god whom the individual can worship out of love and not necessarily out of fear ! The fear brings one only up to certain point and beyond that it repels, but love takes through to the point. Devotion or bhakti as often referred to is a very key concept in Hinduism, even for the philosophically inclined ones. While the shashtras – be it vedas, agamas, puranas – describe the glory of god, one finds abundance of stotras that praise the god in love.

God is formless or with form ?

For Hindus god, as is, is beyond any attributes of form, color, shapes … That is, god does not have any specific form or name. In this state god is referred to as nirguna brahman (attributeless god). However god takes forms as perceived by humans and this perceived form is called saguna brahman (god with (good) attributes). These forms could range from calm to fierce to yogic. Each form has its significance. For example when one is depressed and sees the form of god strong and powerful, the seeker feels the moral boost that god would definitely be the support for the right thing. Similarly when in an auspicious ceremony would like the god to be the calm provider of boons. In a spiritually elevated state, the choice would be the yogic form of god. The forms provide a basis for the Hindu worshiper to easily pursue the otherwise incomprehensible supreme. So hinduism supports both form as well as formless worship of the god. Whether one worships in saguna or nirguna way, it is ultimately the same god.

Let us hail the god, who does not have a name or a form or anything like that, by singing thousands of its names! – thiruvacakam

Is there an evil force against god ?

God is the almighty and supreme. So how can there be anything good or bad against it ? If the good things are the creation of god and bad things of some other evil force, will the gravitational force of the earth be attributed to god or the other force, as it is vital good element for us to live at the same time kills somebody who falls down from a high-rise building! In the system made by god, normally one gets to enjoy the good or bad things based on what have been their inclinations and the actions they made because of that. (this is called karma). There is no evil (satan type) against god. In fact atharva veda puts it very clearly,

“na dvitiyo na tr^itiyashchaturtho napyuchyate na pa.nchamo na shashthah saptamo napyuchyate nashtamo na navamo dashamo napyuchyate ya etam devamekavritam veda”

There is none second to it, neither third not even fourth. There is none fifth to it, neither sixth not even seventh.there is none eighth to it, neither ninth not even tenth.it is the only supreme. This is to be known.

The concept of good and bad things is at a lower level and that too in a different way than strictly good and evil. The divines called devas are the protectors and the essentials who support the worlds. For example, air, sun, moon, water, fire etc. Those who disrupt the life supporting mechanism are the daemons called asuras. The conflicts between the two often arise and the Hindu epics talk in detail about them. However it should be kept in mind that as specified in puranas all the devas are not the perfect beings and the asuras the worthless evils.

Is god in some heaven beyond ?

God is not just something that stays in a far off heaven, who would be met with after death, if one gets to heaven etc. God is omnipresent. It is right in front of us. Oh, it is right inside us too. Well, it is in each and every minute of the minute particle present/void anywhere! Does it stay in a world beyond ? Of course it does there too. (very renowned gayatri mantra hails the supreme to be the earth, the world around and the skies beyond). One need not wait for the whole lifetime to get to meet god. The important concept in Hinduism is that god can be realized right here in this world and the god is not just magnificent almighty, but is also a sweet lovely one, with whom you can have a relationship – devotee, spouse, sibling, child, parent… God is not just in some heavens, it is right in us. It is both transcendental as well as intermixed in everything. Those who realize its presence reap the grand reward.

Those who say he resides up in the sky, say so; those who say the lord of divines residing down in the world beneath, say so. I would say, the lord of wisdom, who got his throat brightly adorned with the stain of poison, is residing in my heart.

Is god a he ?

Hinduism says, god is not just a he. It is beyond the created contours of gender. For this reason the scriptures very often use the term “it” to refer to god apart from using he and she. Especially when it comes to the supreme in the natural state (formless, attribute-less), they prefer it to he or she. The form of lord ardhanarishvara clearly conveys that god is masculine, feminine and neuter. When the god is called the lord of all creatures, it is the god irrespective of the gender, animal race, or whatever other differentiation one could think of.

God is understood not only postulated

The beauty of Hinduism is that the concept of god is tried to be understood, experienced. There are puranas that elaborately tell through the voice of the divines the glory of god. These are one part. On the other hand the scriptures like upanishads analyze through questioning and reasoning the concept of god. These two types go very much hand in hand. Neither the divine glory limited to the reaches of the human mind with the purana like scriptures telling the things beyond the normal human reach. At the same time they do not command a blind following of some super-human texts, but also very much permit analysis. The presence of a range of philosophies in Hindu system is the testimony of this. There are texts like yogasutras that cover the scope from reasoning to divine glory too. So the total and complete spectrum of human verification to super-human wisdom is richly available for the smooth progress of the follower in Hinduism. No need to be blind-folded, explore your way to the supreme !!

Those who did not get the deeper sense out, keep lecturing out the book-confined knowledge. – arpudhath thiruvandhadhi

Hindu gods

(Hinduism a perspective)

There are so many gods in hinduism. Do hindus believe that there are multiple gods ? Why do they worship multiple gods ?

There are 33 devas (divines) that include agni, indra, varuna, vayu and others. There are many references to these names in the vedas. If we analyze it we could see that each one is an essential function (fire, water, air, sun etc) that supports our living in this world. So these 33 aspects are hailed in the Vedas. But Hindus consider the trinity (brahma, vishnu, rudra) to be above these divines. While Brahma does not get worshiped by many as the god, shiva (rudra is an aspect of lord shiva) and vishnu are worshiped by the shaivites and the vaishanavaites respectively. Along with shaivism and vaishnavism, shaktam, ganapatyam, kaumaram, sauram are the four religions that make up the shanmata (six religions) on the Hinduism.

Hindu scriptures state clearly that there is only one supreme god (ekam sad viprah bahuta vadanti). Then why are so many deities and worship ? It can be understood by reading the scriptures that each of these devas represent/have an aspect/energy of the supreme. So in essence it is a complete divine system that operates. For example the shaivites consider shakti as the dynamic part of the supreme. Each of the six religions of Hinduism would call by different names and would put forward different philosophies, but all agree that there is one and only one supreme god.

It is in fact the specialty of Hinduism that it lets multiple perspectives of the god to coexist on its platform, all sharing the same common dharma.

In essence there is only one god and the other divines (many times callas as gods) are responsible of one part of nature or other. The god is worshiped in multiple perspectives, names in Hinduism that has six major religions in it. This has been possible due to the tolerance of Hinduism.

The different practices based on the three vedas, samkhya, yoga, pashupata, vaishnava etc. Say this is superior, that is superior etc. But as the sea is the final resting place for all types of streams, you (god) are the final reaching place for all those paths. – shiva mahimna stotram

 

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Our Guru

Sri. Shiva Prabhakara Siddha Yogi Parama Hamsar

 

HINDU TEMPLES AROUND THE WORLD

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JAPAN

  • ISKCON Temple, Tokyo, Japan, 4-19-6 Kamatikada Nakano,1F Subarhu Bldg,164 Tel. +81 (03) 5343-9417 or -3811 Fax: +81 (03) 5343-3812

Botswana

  • Lord Venkateswara temple, Gaborone
  • Swami Narayan Temple, Gaborone
  • Hindu Temple, Gaborone, Botswana.
  • Shiva – Vishnu Temple, Selebe-Phikwe, Botswana.

Kenya

  • Ayyappa temple, Nairobi
  • Lord Venkateswara temple, Nairobi
  • BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, P.O.Box 40570, Forest Road Nairobi Kenya. Phone: +254-20-232 0201, 8015998 / 9; Fax: +254-20-232 0202.
  • Isckon Krishna Temple, Nairobi, Kenya

MAURITIOUS

  • Amar Nath
  • Anoopam Shiv Mandir
  • Arya Samaj Mandir
  • Chamouny Marathi Vishwanath Mandir
  • Chamouny Mariammen Kovil
  • Deonarayan Mandir
  • Durga Asthan
  • Durga Temple
  • Ganesh Kovil
  • Hanuman Mandir
  • Hanuman Temple
  • Iswara Sockalingum Kovil
  • kailashnath mandir
  • Kalimaye
  • Krishna Mandir – Telegu Temple
  • La Flora Shivala
  • Mahant Kabir Temple
  • Maheswarnath Temple
  • Mare D Albert Kovil
  • Mare Tabac Kailashnath Mandir
  • Mariamen Kovil
  • Mon Gout Tamil Temple
  • Naageshwarnath Mandir
  • Narmadeshwarnath Mandir
  • Nav Durga mandir
  • Om Karnath Mandir
  • Plaisance Mariamen Kovil Sangham
  • Plaisance Murugan Kovil
  • Port Louis – Chokklingam Meenakshi temple
  • Rameshwar Mandir
  • Rudranath Mandir
  • Sagar Shiv Mandir
  • Sebastopol Kashi Vishvanath Mandir
  • Shiv Shakti Mandir
  • Shiv Shankar Mandir
  • Shiva & Shakti Kovil
  • Shivalay
  • Shree Gajanun
  • Shri Krishna Ashram & Mandir
  • Shri Pushpalochanaaya Shiv Mandir
  • Shri Rameswarnath Ramayan Mandir
  • Shri Shamboonath Temple
  • Shri Ved Mata Gayatri Mandir
  • Sita Ram Mandir
  • Siva Soopramaniar Kovil La Luicie Bel-Air Riviere Seche
  • Sri Prasanna Venkateswara Temple
  • Surya Oudaya Sangam Temple
  • Swayambhulingeshwara Mandir
  • Temple Hindou
  • Temple Lakshmi, famille Samourgompoull
  • Tiruttani Murugan Kovil
  • Veeramakali Ammen Tirukkovil
  • Vishnu Mandir

Nigeria

  • Krishna Mandir, Adeola Adetokumbe St., Victoria Island, Lagos, Nigeria

South Africa

  • Murugan temple, Melrose
  • Mariamman temple, Marabastad
  • Radhe krishna temple, Marlbro
  • Ardhanareshwar temple, Benoni
  • Om Namasiva aalayam, Laudium
  • Swami Narayan temple, Laudium
  • Swami Narayan temple, Mayfair
  • Siva subramanium alayam, Capetown
  • Swami narayan temple, Capetown
  • Sri Sivasubramaniar and Mariyaman Temples, No.545 Longmarket Street, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. This temple is 129 years old.
  • Saiva Vazhipatra Kazhagam, Bayview Chatsworth.
  • Gayathri Peedam, 2 Fairview Drive, Brindhaven, Verulam, Durban.www.gayathripeedam.com
  • Shree Vishnu Alayum EST. 1903, off Old Main Isipingo.
  • Sri Murugan Kovil – Phoenix
  • Sri Visvanatha hindu temple-Palmview
  • Sri Emperumal Temple-MT Edgcombe
  • Ganesha/Muruga Temple Mt Edgcombe
  • Sri Marieamman Kovil MT Edgcombe
  • Phoenix Tamizh prathanay
  • Sri Ganesha Kovil Palmview
  • Saiva Jyothi Palmview
  • Shivan Koil (Shiva Mandir), Lenasia (Lands), Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • Hindu Temple Complex, (enroute to) Springfield Park, Durban, South Africa.
  • Shree Siva Subramanium Alayam, 122 Sirdar Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa ( This temple is about 120 years old ! ).
  • Shree Muruga Alayam, 152 Jacobs Road, Clairwood, Durban 4052, South Africa.
  • Melrose Temple, 37 2nd Street, Abbotsford, Johannesburg 2000, South Africa.
  • Madhya Kailash Temple, No.52 Stag Road, Glen Austin Extension 3, Midrand – 1863, South Africa.
  • Siva Manram, 73 Havenside Drive, Havenside, Chsworth, 4092 Kwa Zulu Natal South Africa
  • Brake Village Sri Siva Soobramaniar Alayam, Tongaat. 1 Hospital Road, Brake Village, Tongaat, South Africa. Telephone +27 32 9451919
  • Eastbury Siva Alayam, 8/32 Southbury Avenue, Eastbury, Phoenix, 4068

Zimbabwe

  • Om mandir, Down town Harare, Zimbabwe

Zambia

  • Panchamukhi Hanuman temple, OKAPI farms, Lusaka
  • Radha Krishna Mandhir, Lusaka
  • Kafue Amman Temple
  • Radha Krishnan Mandir, Ndola

 

Kabul, Afghanistan:

Asa-Mai Hindu Temple 1 Asa-Mai Watt Kabul, Afghanistan Dargha Pir Ratan Nath Hindu Temple 21 Main Grain Market Center Kanul, Afghaninstan

Kandahar, Afghaistan:

Devi-Dwara Hindu Temple 5 Dand Road Kandahar, Afghanistan Devi Hindu Temple 32 Kabuli Bazaar Kandahar, Afghanistan Mahaveer Hindu Temple 2 Shikarpur Bazaar Kandahar, Afghanistan

Jalalabad, Afghanistan

Dargha Hindu Temple Chowk Omomi Street Jalalabad, Afghanistan

Ghazni, Afghanistan

Dargha Hindu Temple Chowk Street Ghazni, Afghanistan

Gardez, Afghanistan

Ganesh Hindu Temple Main Bazaar Gardez, Afghanistan

Switzerland (Hindu kirche im der Schweiz)

  • Sri Gnanalingeswarar temple, HINDUGEMEINDE SCHWEIZ, Der Verein Saivanerikoodam, Laubeggstrasse. 21 3006 Bern, Switzerland. Tele Nr.: 0041 31 302 09 56. Cont. :info@saivanerikoodam.ch
  • Aarau Murugan Temple, IndustriesStrasse 44, 5000 Aarau. Tel 062 8220196
  • Basel Vinaayaka temple
  • Basel Sri Rajarajeshwari Amman Temple, HardStrasse 56, 4132 Muttenz. (Basel) Tel: 061 4618596
  • Bern Kalyaana Subramanya Swami temple
  • Chur Vinaayaka temple
  • Geneva Vinaayaka temple
  • Laussane Subramanya temple
  • Luzen (Lucerne) – Durga Temple
  • Olten Shakthi temple
  • Ticino Shivasubramanya swamy Temple
  • Zug Vinaayaka Temple
  • Zurich Lord Shiva temple
  • Zurich Shivasubramanya swamy temple, Sihlweg 03, 8143 Adliswil. Tel : 01 7090630

രുദ്രാക്ഷം – ഭസ്മം ABOUT RUDRAKSHA AND BHASMA

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significance of holy ash the mark on the forehead of hindus

the holy ash is very closely associated with lord shiva. as the god appeared as the column of fire, it was adorned by the ash from that fire. even today for the shiva lingam which resembles the infinite column of flame (the lord), is anointed with this holy ash in specific that symbolizes this associate that symbolizes this association. having closely associated with the lord the holy ash is of very great significance for the shaivites. here are a few samples from that great glory.

 

holy ash

the holy ash is the substance the devotees wear on their bodies with adoration and respect. this along with the rudra beads (1) shows up the devotees of the simple but supreme lord shiva. the holy ash has lots of spiritual sense. there are lots of hymns telling the glory of the holy ash. ((2) – for example). ash – the substance that is arrived when things are completely burnt off. in natural terms it is a final state. the state where it has nothing left to burn off ! this indicates the transience of the beings and the permanence of the supreme that smears in this ash. this also indicates the matured state of bliss the devotees would be heading towards which stands beyond perturbance – transformation (nothing to burn off).

the puranic events associated with the holy ash show its significance. when the three daemons of impurities (tripura) were burnt down by the mere smile of the god, the ash that remained got settled on the lord, who danced there. thus the tripurari was smeared in the ash that came out of burning out of the three impurities. when the cupid – the deva of lust, tried to fire his arrows on the yogic lord, he was burnt by the lord into a heap of ash. the unruffled lord appeared decorated with that ash. at the times when everything reduces unto it, the everexistant lord wears that ash.

the devotees of the lord, who gives his form to the ardent worshipper, wear the same way the holy ash on their body. this holy ash is prepared in the ritual fire in a specified way (3) along with the chanting of the holy five letters (4) and other vedic hymns. thus obtained holy ash is worn on various specified places of the body including the forehead chanting the holy five letters. (there are two broad categories of wearing the holy ash. one is uddulanam that is sprinkling the holy ash on the body and the other is tripundram that is in three distinct bands)

some of the upanishads that hail the glory of holy ash.

holy ash – some more information

lord kalagni rudra teaches bhusu.ndi – earth came out of the sadyojata face of the lord. from this came the gray colored cow called nanda from the dung of which came vibhuti. from the vamadeva face came the water, from that came the black colored cow bhadra giving bhasita. from the aghora face came the fire, from that the copper-colored cow t the copper-colored cow surabhi giving bhasma. from the tatpurusha face came the gas/air, from which cameshanti and from that came the white colored cow sushile giving xara. from the ishana face came the space, from which came the multi colored cowsumana giving raksha.

the holy ash which is called by five names, when pronunced raises the spiritual power of the individual and hence is called vibhuti. since it burns the sins to ashes it is called bhasita. since it gives the wisdom to all it is called bhasmam. since it neutralises the bad things it is called xara. since it protects the people from evil forces, it is called raxa.

irrespective of caste, creed, sex and all other differences all the people shall wear the holy ash. it is an old adage the says the forehead without the ash is a ruined one. the holy ash having the powers of agni and soma refreshes the one who wears it. for the seekers of yoga this holy ash kindles the spirit and provides early fruit. when wearing the holy ash the mantra shivaya namah(the holy five letters(1)) is chanted or the sadyojatadi pajncha brahma mantra(2) or the tryambakam or mano mahantam from rudra suktam(3).

the holy ash purifies the one who wears it. this purification (bath) is called agneya snana. in this the renouced ones would smear the ash in the remains of ritual fire from the leg to the head. others would smear in the ash from the head to the leg.

skandha puranam says that the holy ash would have to be worn at the following fifteen places in the body.

head

forehead

neck

chest

both sides of the belly

two arms

two ankles

two wrists

two sides of the back

behind the neck

the application of holy ash

the holy ash, that decorates the bodies of lord shiva and shaivites, is very sacred and there are prescriptions on how it needs to be adored and adorned. here are few of those. the two ways of getting adorned with holy ash are tripundram, uddulanam. the first is applying the holy ash in the form of three distinct bands and the second is sprinkling it on the part of the body.

way 1

one simple way would be to chant thirunirruppadhikam (1) while taking the holy ash and while getting adorned with that chant the aghora panchaxaram(the aghora holy five letters) which is shivaya namah.

way 2

with clean hands take the holy ash chanting the sadyojadadi mantras and the ma no mahantam mantra from shri rudram.

way 3

those who perform rituals, perform shiva puja should first take the holy ash without adding water and sprinkle on their head, forehead, chest and two shoulders. later using the right hand index, middle and the ring finger take the holy ash, keep in the left hand, close it with right hand and chant these mantras

panchakala mantram

om nivriti kalayai namah om pratishta kalayai namah om vidya kalayai namah om shanti kalayai namah om shantyatita kalayai namah

panchabrahma mantram

om ishanaya namah om tatpurushaya namah om aghoraya namah om vamadevaya namah om sadyojadaya namah

shdhanga mantram

om hridayaya namah om shirashe namah om shikayai namah om kavachaya namah om netraya namah om astraya namah

then saying hridayaya namah, add water and saying kavachaya vaushat, mix it. chant the first four of the above said panchabrahma mantram and apply (with the three fingers of the right hand mentioned above – index, middle and ring fingers) the holy ash paste on the first four places of the body. (see below for the list of places where to apply holy ash). chant the fifth mantram when applying at the other parts of the body. while applying face up, so that the holy ash does not spill down on the ground. if by mistake the holy ash spills on the ground, clean that area with water.

the places to apply the holy ash on the body

vibhuti can be worn either in 32 places or 16 places or 8 places or five places.

32 places

head forehead two ears two eyes nose mouth neck two shoulders two elbows two wrists chest two ribs navel two sides of groin buttocks two urus two thighs two knees two ankles two feet total 32 places

16 places

head forehead 2 ears neck 2 shoulders 2 elbows 2 wrists chest navel 2 ribs back total 16 places

8 places

head forehead 2 ears 2 shoulders chest navel total 8 places

5 places

forehead 2 shoulders chest navel total 5 places

one of the ways of taking bath as prescribed by vedas is known as agneyam. it is defined as agneyam bhasmasnanam. that is agneyam bath is nothing but bathing in the holy ash.

the holy ash has very good medicinal value. this could prevent/cure 81 diseases that are out of air (vata), and 64 of diseases caused by bile(pittam), and 215 of phlegm (kapham).

the holy ash is the most ancient symbol. it is hailed in the vedas along with rudraksha(2). even the devotees of lord vishnu used to wear this originally (kariyameni michai veliya niru chiridheyidum periya kolath thadankannan, niru chevve idakkanil nedumaladiyar enrodum – divya prabhandham).

muzhuneeru puchiya munivar(the saints who decorated with ashes)

the munis completly smeared in holy ash. the lord who burnt the three forts by his graceful smile, who burnt the dheva of desire with a wink of his eye, who dances enjo of his eye, who dances enjoying in the self when the creations are reduced to ash before the regeneration that lords holy blessing substance is the holy ash. the three adorable rated holy ash being karpam, anukarpam, upakarpam and unacceptable being akarpam, one should accept the first three those purifies one from the flaws like desire.

when the cows that give the holy five substances for the lord to get anointed are about to send out accepting that with the gomaya mantra , in the sacred fire grown for lord shiva with the shiva mantra praised by the celestial bodies putting thus accepted cow dung saluting the holy feet of the three-eyed lord, the holy ash that results is the chaste karpam.

bringing the dung that is dried in the forests, powdering it, wetting with the water of the cows, with the aththira man^dhiram casting it and then putting in the ritual fire and taking the properly burnt holy ash is the an^ukarpam.

other than ash from the forest fire, fire in the cow yard and a few such ashes, making balls out of the dung with the water of the cow chanting the holy mantras and then burning in the ritual fire and the holy ash thus obtained is called upakarpam.

thus taking the sacred ash humbly chanting the shiva mantra the slaves of the lord adorn themselves. the holy ash the fame and fruit of which very big to explain and that makes good for the devotees who wear with respect kindles the spiritual progress. the munis wear this holy substance praising the god. let the holy ash and its glory as found by the muzu n^iru puchiya munivar stay in the mind.

 

thiruneetrup padhikam sloka prayer

this padhikam is sung as a medicine for colic (sulai) – heavy pain in the stomach.thalam : thirualavay pan : gandharam irandam thirumurai thiruchchirrambalam mandhira mavadhu niru vanavar meladhu niru chundhara mavadhu niru thudhikkap paduvadhu niru thandhira mavadhu niru chamayaththi lulladhu niru chenthuvar vayumai pangan thiruala vayan thirunire vedhaththi lulladhu niru venthuyar thirppadhu niru podhan tharuvadhu niru punmai thavirppadhu niru odhath thaguvadhu niru unmaiyi lulladhu niru chidhap punalvayal chuzndha thiruala vayan thirunire muththi tharuvadhu niru muniva ranivadhu niru chaththi yamavadhu$(1)$ niru thakkor pukazvadhu niru paththi tharuvadhu niru parava iniyadhu niru chidhdhi tharuvadhu niru thiruala vayan thirunire kana iniyadhu niru kavinaith tharuvadhu niru peni anipavark kellam perumai koduppadhu niru manan thagaivadhu niru madhiyaith tharuvadhu niru chenan tharuvadhu niru thiruala vayan thirunire pucha iniyadhu niru punniya mavadhu niru pecha iniyadhu niru perunthavath thorkaluk kellam achai keduppadhu niru vandhama dhavadhu niru thecham pukazvadhu niru thiruala vayan thirunire aruththama dhavadhu niru avalam aruppadhu niru varuththan thanippadhu niru vanam alippadhu niru poruththama dhavadhu niru punniyar puchumven niru thiruththagu malikai chuzndha thiruala vayan thirunire eyiladhu vattadhu niru virumaikkum ulladhu niru payilap paduvadhu niru pakkiya mavadhu niru thuyilaith thaduppadhu niru chuththama dhavadhu niru ayilaip polidharu chulath thalava yanthiru niru iravanan meladhu niru ennath thaguvadhu niru paravana mavadhu niru pavam aruppadhu niru tharavana mavadhu niru thaththuva mavadhu niru aravanan kunthiru meni alava yanthiru niru malo dayanari yadha vannamu mulladhu niru melurai dhevarkal thangal meyyadhu venpodi niru ela udambidar thirkkum inban tharuvadhu niru alama dhunda 2) midarrem malava yanthiru niru kundikaik kaiyar kalodu chakkiyar kuttamun kudak(3) kantikaip pippadhu niru karudha iniyadhu niru enthichaip patta porular eththun thakaiyadhu niru andaththa varpanin dheththum alava yanthiru niru arral adalvidai yerum alava yanthiru nirraip porrip pukali nilavum puchuran nyanacham pandhan therrith thennanuda lurra thippini yayina thirach charriya padalkal paththum vallavar nallavar thame thiruchchirrambalamn

rudraksha significance

rudraksh is one of the most important things for the devotees of lord shiva. the word rudraksha means the eye of lord rudra (rudraksha – rudra + aksha). the rudraksha beads are worn by the lord and its devotees. rudraksha beads proven to have very good positive effect in one who wears it properly is spiritually quite significant.

puranic importance of rudraksham

on the request of the divines lord shiva burnt the three daemon forts called tripurasura who were into disruptive activities. god burnt them without even a weapon just by the smile itself ! three daemons in those forts who were good and devotees of the lord came out without any harm by the lord’s grace ! at this point of time fromt he three eyes of the lord rudraksha came out. since it came from the aksha (eye) of lord rudra (a role played by the supreme shiva), it is called rudraksha.

glory of rudraksha

skanda puranam (3) details the glory of this great ornament.

“hearing or reading the glory of rudraksha can drive away the sins of anybody. be devoted or not, scholar or illiterate, whomsoever it be one who wears the rudraksha will surely get rid of all the bad deeds. philosophers call this as mahavrata. there is no deed more virtuous than wearing rudraksha. one who gets adorned in a sincere and proper way with thousand rudraksha, all the divines will salute that person. if thousands are not available sixteen each in both the hands, one at the head top, each hand twelve, in the neck thirty-two, six each in the ears shall be worn. one who wears like that is worshiped by others as if they are lord rudra. one who wears rudraksha with pearl, ruby, spadikam crystals, silver, gold, vaiduryam (lapis lazuli), that person is rudra himself ! one who wears the emblem of lord rudra, the rudraksha, them the sins do not approach as the darkness cannot approach the sun. the chanting (japa) with rudraksha mala will yield lots of good result. the japa done without that will give the fruit only to the extent of its own glory. thus very virtuous rudraksha is not worn by anybody, their life gets wasted like that of the one who does not wear holy ash (2). the wise who keeps the rudraksha at the head and bathes, gets the benefits of bathing in gangas, this is beyond doubt. such rudraksha even if only one seed is worn that person gets rid of the sin did in many births. one who anoints rudraksha gets the benefit of anointing shiva linga (1). one, five and fourteen faced rudraksha are adorable in all the worlds. human who worships rudraksha, even if he/she is very poor, will get all the wealth.”

skanda purana also refers to many stories that tell the glory of adorning one with shrl rudraksha .

how to wear rudrakshas

rudraxas are very holy. one should wear them with respect and maintain their sanctity. various ways are suggested by the scriptures on adorning oneself with them. some of them are:

adorning with thousand rudraksha .

26 beeds on head, 50 over the chest, 14 on the shoulders, 12 on the wrist.

16 each in both the hands, 1 at the head top, 12 in each hands, 32 in the neck, 6 each in the ears.

garlands of 108, 50, 27 are boonful.

a single beed.

different types of rudrakshas

rudraksha are in three colors. tawny reddish (kapila) color represent sun (surya), white represent moon (chandra) and black represent fire (agni) eyes of the lord from which they originated.

rudraksha come with different number of faces. though all rudrakshas are emblems of the lord shiva, each type has its additional significance. some of them are given here.

one face – shiva svarupam

two – devadevi (shiva shakti)

three – agni

four – brahma

five – kalagni

six – subrahmanya

seven – manmata

eight – vinayaka

nine – bhairava

ten – vishnu

eleven – ekadasharudra

twelve – dvadashaditya

thirteen – shanmukha

fourteen – lord shiva

more details on rudraksham

trees giving rudraksha beads grow in the himalayan regions of india and nepal. experienced do tests to confirm the originality of the rudraksha beads.

upanishads that hail rudraksh

bhasmajapala

japala (brihajjapala)

ramarahasya

akshamalika

dakshinamurti

rudrakshajapala

 

Hindu Perspective of Life

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Hinduism A Perspective

Hinduism does not promise just something only in the after death life alone. Nor does it stop within the boundaries of “only what is seen is true” life. It supports the follower in leading a life that is rich in terms of value, as well as provides a mechanism to extend that smoothly to the great state beyond birth-death ultimately.

Hinduism takes a pragmatic view on the followers. It does not ask the follower to undergo lots of hardship to get the ultimate gift (of course you have that choice) nor does it forces to blindly jump into the well. What it provides for is the analyzed set of paths one could tread. The followers have option on even the fasting and observances.

Along with the need for being disciplined and just, it also recognizes the need for the individual to pursue wealth and joy in life. This is the core concept of thepurushArtha which means “meaning of life” or essence of life. There are four purushArthas or the things to seek for in one’s life. They are dharma, artha, kama, moksha. That is virtue, wealth, joy and liberation. You do not need to keep worrying all your lifetime about the discipline and keep fearing about life after death. There is more to it in life and Hinduism fully supports you to pursue them along with virtue and God. You do not lose out either here or there.

How about the lifestyles ? In accordance with ones own inclination one can either lead a household life or can lead an ascetic life. If you ask the ascetics they would say the ascetic way is the best way and the household would claim the glory of leading the family life. Both are definitely glorious when the essence of life is kept intact. To support this the life is categorized as four blocks called. They are brahmacharya, gR^ihasta, vAnapratha, sanyAsa. That is knowledge seeking (bachelorhood), household, simplified life and practitioner of austerity. Depending upon the block of life Hinduism suggests the courses of action.

In essence Hinduism suggests one to lead a successful life that is just, at the same time cater to the needs and resulting in a joyful journey that ultimately culminates in the great Eternal Bliss.

Sing the Lord of pukalUr. You would get to live happily in this world, meeting the needs of food and clothing. Your heart will be free of sadness. There is no doubt about ruling the shivaloka in the after life. – sundharar.

                                                   Hindu Rituals / sacraments – Shodasa Samskaras\16 SAMSKARAS

Why are these HIndu Rituals / Samskaras?

Hindu Scriptures, places human species as a part of animal kingdom in lines with the modern evolutionary biologists and shows the way to divine and make human life sublime. All the activities of animals are directed towards i) food, ii) sleep, iii) procreation and iv) security. If human beings continue to do the same forgetting the Divine they are no better than animals. The samskaras reinforces the thought of Divine during every stage of human life. If practiced diligently, it ensures that the Summum bonum (achieve Divine consciousness) of human life is accomplished in this very life. Hindu philosophy classifies impacting factors as Adhyathmika (Self), Adhibaudhika (Terrestrial) and Adhidaivika (Extra-Terrestrial). These factors should be in harmony to fulfill any task. The imbalances should be harmonized before we can achieve the desired results. The Vedic rituals whether personal, social or religious aims at balancing these contributing factors.

Human accomplishments are consecrated by these rituals. Shastras extol that by birth a human being attains the status of the living creature and gains the status of twice-born after these sacraments. The second birth is born of the sense of Divine consciousness. The rituals, mantras and the blessings of Divine, priest and well wishers sanctifies the accomplishment. It helps the person to ascertain his/her role in the fulfillment at every stage of life and relate it to the stakeholders and the cosmos. Divine guidance, presence and grace is invoked and felt during all these ceremonies. There are sixteen rituals (Shodasa samskaras) prescribed by scriptures and adhered across the land of Bharath for ages.

What are the 16 Hindu Sacraments?

  1. Garba Aadhana – Pre consummation rites which purify the parents
  2. Pumsavana – Rites for the carrying mother
  3. Simantonnayana – Prenatal rite for the protection of carrying mother and her womb
  4. Jatakarma – Natal rite purifying the new born
  5. Namakarana – Naming Ceremony
  6. Nishkramana – Exposing the infant to outside world
  7. Annaprashana – First Feeding of solid food
  8. Chaulam – Tonsure
  9. Karnavedhana – Piercing the ears
  10. Aksharaabhyasa or Vidyaramba – Beginning of Education
  11. Upanayana – Opening the eye of wisdom. Lit. bringing near the Guru, scripture and God. Investiture of Sacred Thread.
  12. Vedaarambha – Initiation into the Vedic Education
  13. Keshanta or Ritusuddhi – Whole body Shave for boys or Nuptial rites for girls
  14. Samaavartana – Convocation or Completion of Education
  15. Vivaha – Marriage
  16. Anthyeshti – Funeral Rites

The samskaras vary slightly based on the conventions of the community.

 

Liberation (moksha) – The Ultimate State

(Hinduism A Perspective)

moksha that translates into liberation, is the fourth and final goal of the lives in the purushArtha sequence. What it is and why is this so important a concept ?

Hinduism puts forward the idea that the cycle of birth-death-rebirth again keeps going on, making the soul accumulate and at the same time undergo the fruits of such previously accumulated karma. It is both heaven and hell that come on the way giving the good and bad fruits. They are not permanent. They are only transient spots and the journey of the soul continues beyond.

Along with the karma there are two culprits – ego and illusion – that make the soul do more deeds and accumulate more and more karma. Put together these impurities are referred as pAsha or bondage, as they bind the soul in this never ending vicious circle.

Liberation is when the soul is no longer bound to these impurities and comes out of the cycle and the result is Eternal Bliss. Supreme or parabrahman is the One which stays beyond these cycles and that Supreme is invoked by the soul to come out of the cycle and stay in the Bliss without reincarnating. This is the ultimate state all the bonded souls need to get to !

While the concept of liberation and the soul freed from bondage and staying in Eternal Bliss is the core Hinduism concept shared by all philosophies of it, the philosophies describe the finer details differently like the relation between the soul and the God at the state of liberation etc. Those interested in the analysis of the philosophy and enjoy the wisdom they bring to the seeker can go through in detail about the philosophies like advaita, siddhantha, dvaita etc.

Without getting to the hells, heavens and the worlds, Oh God, you blessed the devotee to get to the Supreme State ! – thiruvAsakam.

 

Karma and reincarnation in Hinduism

(Hinduism A Perspective)

The Concept

Reincarnation

As per Hinduism, the life on earth is not a discrete one time event. It is just one episode in the play. There would be multiple appearances (births) before the soul finally takes leave from the cycle. The birth is not just limited to being born as human, it includes the births as the animals, plants, even as the divines who rule the parts of nature ! After-all, all these things have a life. The appearance of the soul in any of such forms is called reincarnation. After so many births when the soul is freed of any more reincarnation, it is in the state of mukti or liberation. This is the ultimate state.

Karma

As the soul moves from one body to another, it carries forward something along with it, which is nothing but what it has accumulated performing various deeds. This can be thought of as a global account that each soul is associated with, irrespective of the place it is in currently. This account would have both the logs of good and bad deeds it performed similar to the credit and liabilities. This account is what is called karma.

This karma is further categorized. In the example let us assume the person on moving to the new place gets a new local account into which initially some of the credits and liabilities from the global account get transferred to start with. Subsequently till the person is in that location the day to day transactions occur onto that local account. Similarly from the global account of karma, which is known as prArabdham, some portion is transferred to the new local account when the soul reincarnates into a new body and this portion of karma is called sanchitham. In the day to day affairs the soul enjoys the fruits of the good deeds from the karma bank and suffers the fruits of bad deeds. In the process due to the deeds it performs the soul accumulates new good and bad karma to add to its account. This newly earned karma is called AkAmiyam. When the soul leaves that body the balance gets transferred back into the global account. The journey goes on.

Why is it so ?

In the life we see in this world, we work to get the results. The work is the action and the result is fruit of it. This is exactly what is karma. The fruit may come in a minute in a day, in a week, in a year or much much later that the delay may even make one forget the action that triggered the fruit got ! If there is no correlation between the action and the fruit, won’t the world be in a mess ?! This theory would also explain why unexpected things happen – either good or bad. (As the situation undergoing due to the function of various past deeds.)

The reincarnation (in conjunction with karma) explains why some people never gets to see the fruits of their action in their life time and why some children die when they have committed no sin. When the karma exist one would have to undergo the fruits of it for which one may have to go through multiple births in multiple forms – plants, animals… The bank doesn’t let you go unless the account is settled !

More Questions ?

The discussion above may give raise to lots more questions – How did it all began ?, How would it end ? What is the relevance of God if everything as per karma ? …. Those who want to pursue these kind of questions can seek the answer from the Hindu philosophical paths of shaiva siddhantha(1), pratyAbinya (kashmira shaiva) (2), shankara advaita (3)…

When like the seed that is boiled out does not give raise to the plant, when the two types of karma (good & bad) nullify each other, You were there showing Your Measureless Form of bliss. – thiruvAsakam.The well being of the people of ill-motive and the apathy of the good people are thought about. – thirukkuRaL(Meaning it is the old karma that influences their state.)

In this section, Hinduism A Perspective, you have read some of the basic concepts of Hinduism. There would have been lots of unanswered questions. In fact after reading this section there may be much more. It is definitely a sign of good quest for knowledge and hence should be welcome. This section may not be the ultimate information. However this could have served as a starting point. The treasure of Hinduism, the religion that existed from time undefined to today, is huge. You would definitely want to seek out those information and enrich your knowledge. This is definitely fine and also encouragable as the Hinduism calls for wisdom from all horizons.

However take a pragmatic approach as Hinduism suggests for the life of the followers (purushArtha). When you want to reach that goal, you would also need to enjoy the journey with the fruits of what you already know. All the food cannot be gulped in one go. Digest and relish the food you can consume before getting on to more delicacies of Hinduism. Put the knowledge to practice. With the new strength that is not just the book knowledge but that is the solid experience, you would be able to receive more information and in more depth. In case of Hinduism, it is quite a bit experience supported. Rather than getting into analysis paralysis that leads to nowhere, take one step at time consolidate it by experience and move forward.

Hinduism has both the flexibility to accommodate and the rigidity to channelize the followers. The life would be meaningful towards the Bliss as well as enjoyable through the way ! For practicing the Hindu concepts the following sections may be helpful.

May the Supreme beyond form, name, attributes guide your way to Its Eternal Bliss !

Nama Shivaya

When there is time, now itself seek and get to the betterment. The God, Difficult One to even divines, is showering now from Its treasury ! Oh Devotees, come, hurry up ! – thiruvAsakam.

REFER MORE ON SHAIVISM

Kashmir Shaivam

  • Scriptures
    • shiva sUtras
    • mAlinivijaya
    • svacchanda
    • viGYAnabhairava
    • mR^igendra (refer shaiva Agamas)
    • rudra yAmala (refer shaiva Agamas)
    • spanda kArikas
    • shivadR^iShTi
    • pratyAbhiGYAhR^idayam
    • IshvarapratyAbhiGYA
    • pratyAbhiGYAvimarshini
    • pratyAbhiGYA vivR^itti vimarshini
    • tantrAloka
    • tantrAlokasAra
  • Saints and Philosophers
    • vasugupta
    • abhinavagupta
    • utpaladeva
    • kallATa
    • kshemarAja
    • bhAskara
    •                                                                    TAMIL SAIVASIDDHANTA BOOKS
    • Thirumurai (Some Parts)
    • Thirumanthiram
    • Thiruvaasagam
    • thirumuRai – Medicine to Sufferings
    • Periya puranam

 

നമശിവായം നമശിവായം നമശിവായം നമശിവായം നമശിവായം

SOMAVAARA VRUTHA FOR WOMEN-Part 3

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WORSHIPPING SHIVLING AT HOME – RULES OF WORSHIPING SHIVA LINGAM

Before starting the Puja, the devotee takes a bath and wear freshly washed clothes. Hymns praising Lord Shiva or the mantra ‘om namaha shivayaa’ are repeated to create a mood for worship. Then, the devotee sits in front of the lingam and blows conch or ring bells. This indicates the beginning of the Puja.

 

First it is the panchamrit abhishek – the libation of five holy liquids over the lingam. The libation can consist of any five of the following – water from river Ganga, honey, sugarcane juice, milk, yogurt, ghee, seawater, coconut water or milk, fragrant oils, rose water or other precious liquids. Usually, only milk of cow is used. While pouring the liquid, om namah shivaya is uttered. Some devotees utter the Lord’s name 108 times and some 1008 times. There is no fixed rule.

 

After the panchamrit abhishek, the lingam is cleaned with water from Ganga. (This is might not be possible always so just normal water.) After this the lingam is smeared with sandalwood paste and is decked with flowers. Water and sandalwood paste is used to keep the lingam cool, as Lord Shiva is always in a highly inflammable state. In some Shiva temples, cooling liquid constantly drops from pot hung above the Lingam.

Next, sweets, coconut and fruits are offered to the Lord. Camphor and incense are lit and ‘arati’ is conducted. Some devotees fan the lingam and sing praises of the lord.

 

Finally, ringing of bells or blowing of conch indicates the end of Puja. White ash (vibhuti) is rubbed on the forehead and it is also distributed. Fruits, sweets and coconut are distributed as ‘prasad.’

 

HOW TO DO SHIVALINGA PUJA SIMPLE?

 

Mondays, or Somvar, in the month of Shravan (July – August) is considered highly auspicious for praying to Lord Shiva. It is believed that the worship of Shiva during Shrawan month is 108 times more powerful than worshipping during normal days. Millions of devout Hindus observe the Shravan Somwar Vrat – fasting and performing Pujas on Mondays in Sawan Month.

 

Here is a brief procedure to observe Shravan Somvar Vrat

  • After the morning bath and other purification rituals.
  • Lord Ganesha is first prayed to.
  • Next, Lord Shiva is prayed to by chanting Om Namah Shivaya.
  • The offerings that are made are Bilva leaves, white flowers, water, honey and milk.
  • If you have Shivling at home you can do abhishek with water, honey or milk.
  • Fasting on the day is from sunrise to sunset.
  • You can chant Maha Mritunjaya Mantra or Om Namah Shivaya on the day.
  • Those who observe fast on Mondays in some regions wear only white clothes.
  • Those observe partial fast eat fruits.
  • Some devotees read the Shiva Purana on the day.
  • Those people who live along the banks of Ganga use water from Ganga to perform abhishek on the Shivling.
  • The fast is broken in the evening after praying to Lord Shiva. Some devotees visit a Shiva Shrine during the period. Some devotees opt for a 24-hour fast and they break the fast on the next day morning.

It is believed that those who observe Somwar vrat will have their desires fulfilled and will be blessed with wisdom. In some areas, fasting on Mondays is observed by unmarried women to get a good husband.

It must be noted that Monday is dedicated to Lord Shiva and there are devout Hindus who observe vrat on all Mondays in a year.

 

A Story- RELATED TO SOMAVAAR VRUTHA

Once Lord Shiva visited the famous city of Amravati. Parvati also accompanied him. On their way, they saw a beautiful Shiva temple and decided to spend some time there. One day, Parvati found Lord Shiva in a playful mood. She said to him, Oh my Lord, let us have a dice game. Lord Shiva obliged her and the game started. Meanwhile, the priest of the temple had come there. Parvati turned towards him and said Please foretell who will win this game? The Brahman gave no serious thought to her question and abruptly said, Lord Shiva will win the game. Incidentally Parvati won the game. She was angry because the Brahman had told a lie. Lord Shiva tried to pacify her, but she cursed the Brahman that he be a leper. In due course, the Brahman became a leper and spent a miserable life. After some time a few fairies descended on the earth and pitied the fate of the priest. On asking him, the priest narrated the whole episode. One of the fairies said, You observe Monday fasts for sixteen weeks without break. On the seventeenth Monday, prepare some holy food or Prasaad with flour mixed with ghee and gur. Distribute this prasaad among the members of your family and take some yourself. You will be free from this leprosy. The fairies disappeared and the priest followed the instructions. Soon, he regained his normal health. Once Lord Shiva and Parvati again visited that temple. Parvati was surprised to see the priest. He was his normal self. She enquired about this feat and the priest narrated the whole story. Parvati was happy, she also decided to observe Monday fasts for sixteen weeks. Incidentally, on the seventeenth Monday, when she broke her fast, her beloved son Kartikeya, who was displeased with her, appeared and said, 0 dear mother what is that power with which you have called me? What is the mystery? Parvati said, 0 my dear son, all this miracle is due to observing Monday fasts for sixteen weeks without interruption. Kartikeyas Brahman friend had been in a foreign land for quite some time. Kartikeya said, I shall observe Monday fasts for sixteen weeks for happy reunion with my friend. He observed the 16 weeks fasts as per rules and to his great surprise his friend returned hale and hearty. The friend enquired about the miracle and Kartikeya told him the modalities to be observed for Monday fast. The Brahman friend was very curious about his marriage. He decided to observe the Monday fasts for sixteen weeks. On the seventeenth Monday, the Brahman friend went to a city. The ruler of the city decided to marry his daughter to a person on whose neck his well-decorated elephant would put the garland. The Brahman joined the show. Incidentally, the elephant garlanded him. The ruler of the city gave him his daughter and also a lot of money. The couple departed the next day and were back in their home. On the honeymoon night, the bride said, 0 my dear, how is it that the elephant ignored all the princes and garlanded you? How did you succeed on the auspicious moments? The bridegroom said, I observed fasts on sixteen Mondays. Monday is Lord Shivas day. It is due to his blessings that I got a beautiful wife like you. My friend Kartikeya revealed this secret to me. The bride too decided to observe fasts on sixteen Mondays for a beautiful son full of knowledge. Her devotion bore fruit and she gave birth to a beautiful son. As the son grew up, he said to his mother, 0 my dear mother, what is the mystery behind my birth? Please reveal it to me. The mother told him how she observed Monday fasts. The son also decided to observe the fasts to gain a kingdom for his parents.

 

Incidentally, an old kings messengers from a nearby State came there in search of a beautiful and learned bridegroom for the princess. They proposed the princess hand for him and he readily agreed. The king expired after sometime and the boy became the king. The newly-made king continued his fasts for the next sixteen Mondays. On the seventeenth Monday, he arranged a large prayer party at a temple. All the arrangements were made well in advance. The king requested the queen to accompany him to the temple for breaking the fast after taking prasaad from the priest. The queen refused to go with him. The king had to go alone. The king heard an oracle who echoed, 0 king, turn out the queen from the palace or destruction will fall upon you. The king returned to his palace. He summoned a conference of his ministers and told about the oracle. All of them were taken aback, as it was due to that princess that he became the king of the state. They agreed to his proposal only with a heavy heart. The queen was ultimately turned out. The queen left the palace bare footed and in worn-out clothes. She was thirsty and fatigued. She met an old lady who had a load of spinned spindles on her head. She was going to the city. She felt pity on her and asked to help her in selling the yarn because she did not know the art of selling. The queen took that load on her head. Incidentally, strong wind blew away the spindles which disappeared in the dusty wind. The queen felt sorry and the old lady asked her to go away. The queen went to an oilmans house and sought shelter. The oilman obliged her, but as she stepped in, all of his oil pots developed cracks and the oil began to flow on the ground. The oilman immediately turned her out. The queen was now disheartened. She went to the bank of a river to quench her thirst. As she touched the water, the water dried up. She then went to a deep jungle and saw a tank of water. As she went down the stairs and touched the crystal dear water, it became muddy. She cursed her fate and put a few drops of the muddy water in her mouth. She was now tired and wanted to take rest under a shady tree. As she went near the tree its leaves began to fall and soon it became leafless. The cowherds saw this incident and told the whole story to the priest of a nearby temple. The priest called for the woman. He was surprised to see that the woman had royal features. He consoled her and provided her with all the facilities. But after some days, he also got fed up with her because whatever the woman touched became impure ? may it be milk, food or water. One day, the priest said, 0 lady, what curse has fallen upon you? You reveal the mystery. The woman told him how she rejected a proposal to attend Monday fast prayer. The priest understood the whole thing. He knew it was Shivas curse. He said, 0 dear lady, you observe fasts on sixteen Mondays and Lord Shiva will absolve you of your sins. The woman realised her mistake and observed the Monday fasts for sixteen Mondays. On the seventeenth Monday, the king said to himself, My queen left my palace long ago. Her condition must be very miserable. He called for his courtiers and ordered them to search out the queen. The courtiers reached the temple where the queen was residing. The priest refused to hand over the queen to them and said, Let the king himself come to receive her. The courtiers went to the king and related the whole story. The king was happy to hear the news. He went to the temple and requested the priest to return his queen to him. The king admitted that he deserted the queen to avoid Lord Shivas wrath. The priest trusted the kings words and the queen returned to the palace. She was given a royal welcome. The king distributed money among the needy and arranged food for the hungry. The king and queen now regularly observed fasts on sixteen Mondays each year and lived a very happy life. After their death they found abode in Lord Shivas city, Shivapuri. Since, then it is believed that a person who observes fasts on sixteen Mondays, gets all pleasures and enters Shivapuri after his death.

 

VRUTHA OR AUSTERITY AS IN WIKIPEDEA

 

In the context of Hinduism and Hindu mythology, vrata denotes a religious practice to carry out certain obligations with a view to achieve divine blessing for fulfillment of one or several desires. Etymologically, vrata, a Sanskrit word, meansto vow or to promise.[1]

Vratas – self-control – form the core of the practices of Jainism. Sādhus and sādhvīs (monastics) follow the fivemahavratas “great vratas” while śrāvakas and śrāvikās (layfolk) follow the five anuvratas “minuscule vratas”. There are also several common fasts which are also termed vratas.

A vrata may consist of one or more of several actions. Such actions may include complete or partial fasting on certain specific days; a pilgrimage or tirtha to a particular place or places; a visit, darśana, pujas and homas and recitation ofmantras and prayers.

According to Hindu texts, vratas assist the practitioner to achieve and fulfill their goals as they bring divine grace and blessings. Sometimes, close relatives or family purohits may be entrusted with the obligation of performing the vrata on behalf of another person. The object of performing vrata is as varied as the human desire, and may include gaining back lost health and wealth, begetting offspring, divine help and assistance during difficult period in one’s life. InAncient India, vratas played a significant role in the life of individuals, and it continues to be practiced in modern times as well by a number of Hindus.[citation needed]

 

The Sanskrit word ‘vrata’ denotes ‘religious vow’. It is one of the most widely used words in the Hindu religious and ritualistic literature. Derived from the verbal root‘vrn’ (‘to choose’), it signifies a set of rules and discipline. Hence ‘Vrata’ means performance of any ritual voluntarily over a particular period of time. The purpose is to propitiate a deity and secure from it what the vrati, the performer wants. This whole process, however, should be undertaken with a sankalpa or religious resolve, on an auspicious day and time fixed as per the dictates of the Hindu religious almanacs called panjika.

 

VRATHA IN PURANAS

 

The puranas denote various types of vratas.

  • ‘kayika-vrata’. It is a vrata pertaining to the body. The stress is on physical austerity like fasting, remaining sleepless, taking baths and such other restraining activity in connection with one’s body.
  • ‘vachika-vrata’ or vrata pertaining to speech. Here much importance is given to speaking the truth and reciting the scriptures, both being a function of the organ of speech.
  • ‘manasa-vrata’ or vrata pertaining to the mind. The emphasis here is on controlling the mind, by controlling the passions and prejudices that arise in it.
  • Payovrata – is the vrata or penance observed by Goddess Aditi to propitiate Lord Vishnu. This vrata is discussed in detail in the Bhagavata Purana. [1]

None of these disciplines are exclusive; they may be present in every vrata, in any combination.

TIME BASED VRATHA

There are vratas again based on time. A vrata to be performed just for a dina or day is a dina-vrata. One lasting for a vaara or a paksha (week or fortnight) is avaara-vrata or a paksha-vrata as the case may be. One to be undertaken on a particular tithi (a day according to the lunar calendar) or when a particular nakshatra(asterism) is on the ascendant, is respectively called a tithi-vrata or nakshatra-vrata. Most of the vratas now in vogue are based on the tithis of the lunar calendar.

Based on deity

Another classification is according to the deity (an aspect of God) worshipped; for instance, Swarna-gauri-vrata is dedicated to Gauri, another name of Parvati Devi. Likewise Vara-siddhi-vinayaka-vrata is for propitiation of Lord Ganesha or Satya-narayana-vrata to Vishnu known as Satyanarayana.

The 10th Canto, 22nd Chapter of Bhagavata Purana, mentions young marriageable daughters (gopis) of the cowherd men of Gokula, worshiping Goddess Katyayani and taking a vrata or vow, during the entire month of Margashirsha, the first month of the winter season, to get Lord Krishna as their husband.[2]

Impact on society

Who are the persons eligible to perform a vrata? Anyone who has faith in it and wishes to perform it as per the rules, even if the person be a mleccha (alien)! During the Vedic period sacrifices were strictly restricted to the men of the three upper castes called dvijas meaning twice-born. The doors of the vratas were thrown open to one and all during bhakti movement, thus bringing ritualistic Hinduism to especially the lower castes and women.

Rules of vratas

Though the rules concerning the vratas had been very much liberalized to embrace as large a segment of the society as possible, there had to be some rulesguiding the whole process in order to protect and preserve the sanctity of the ritual system itself. These may be summarized as follows:

  • During the period of the observance of a vrata, one should keep one’s person clean and pure, observe celibacy, speak the truth, practice self-control, avoid non-vegetarian foods, and conscientiously perform all the rituals connected with it.
  • Once undertaken, a vrata should never be left unfinished, nor should a new one be undertaken until a previously begun vrata has been completed.
  • One should never begin observing a vrata should never be begun while in ashaucha (ceremonial impurity brought about by birth or death in one’s family).
  • People who are too old or too sick to complete their vratas can have them performed by close relatives who are willing to do so.
  • Once the decision is taken to perform a vrata, the actual commencement should be made only as per the auspicious time, place and mode laid down by the books.
  • Only one vrata can be undertaken at a time.

SOMAVAARA VRUTHA FOR WOMEN-Part 2

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Mondays in the Hindi month of Shravan or Shrawan (July – August) is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Hindus in North Indiaobserve Shravan Mas Somvar Vrata or Sravan Somavara Upvaas. In this month, Shivling is bathed with holy water from River Ganga. Fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset on all Mondays in the month. In 2016, ShravanSomvar days are July 25, August 1, August 8 and August 15 as per traditional calendar followed in North India.

 

In Maharashtra and Gujarat, Shravan Somvar Vrat in 2016 is on August 8, August 15, August 22 and August 29.

 

Married women observe the fast for a happy and long married life. Unmarried women observe it for getting good husbands. Men observe it for a happy and peaceful life. Those who observe fast eat only a single vegetarian meal.Shivlinga is bathed with Ganga water or milk at temples. Devotees also offer flowers or Bilva or Bel leaves to the Shivalingam.

 

Mondays in Hindu religion is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The importance of Shravan Somvar is because it is believed that the Samudra Manthan (Churning of Ocean) took place in this month and Lord Shiva drank the poison Hala Hala to save the world during this period.

 

Offering milk to Lord Shiva in this month is considered highly auspicious. People also worship Goddess Parvati, Ganesha and Lord Kartik in this month.

 

In South India, the Mondays in Kartik month (October – November) is considered highly auspicious and similar rituals are observed.

 

Sri Somavara Vrata

One of the name of Lord shiva is soma – saha uma. For the Lord someshvara Who wears the soma, the moon crescent on the matted hair, on the somavara day (Monday), this festival is observed.

When observed

Though all Mondays can be observed as vrata there are speacial mondays when it is much more emphasised to observe like the shrAvaNa somvAr and kArthikai sOmavAram. According to skandha purANa, on the Mondays of the month kArthikai (mid Nov to mid Dec) this vrata is observed.

Way of observing

Getting up at the dawn one meditates on the Supreme shiva. After taking bath and having done the morning twilight salutation, praying the Auspicious and Graceful Lord shiva, worships the couples who are devotees of the Lord, chaste and loveful as the Divines couple pArvati-paramEshawara themselves. Saluting those couples, offering them feast, the observer of this vratam eats only one time food that day. If unable to do the worship, then one would go to the temple and salute and pray the umA-maheshwara. Anointing the Lord with panychAmR^itam and other pleasent substances, hailing the Lord offering bilvaleaves, not being money-minded offering the nice food materials to the Lord, sharing the food with the kind hearted devotees one eats the food. One may fast also completely.

Glory

One who observes this vratam would get to enjoy many pleasures in this world and finally would reach the kailAsham. The moon observed this vratam and got his “moonness”. He saluted the Lord gauri- shankara and requested that this vratam be called soma vAra vratam (One of the names of the moon is soma. One of the name of Lord shiva with goddess umA is also soma) and whoever follows this vratam should get their wishes materialised by the grace of the Lord and finally should get the liberation. God granted the boon.

Long ago a princess called sIman^thini was observing this vratam regularly. Then two young boys cunningly came as if they were a married couple. The princess worshiped them. The young boys really became male and female couple ! The austerous sage vaShiShTa got the chaste arun^thadhi as his wife. One gets blessed by the shiva-shakti on observing this vratam sincerely.

பைங்கண்வாள் அரவணை யவனொடு பனிமல ரோனுங்காணா அங்கணா அருளென அவரவர் முறைமுறை யிறைஞ்சநின்றார் சங்கநான் மறையவர் நிறைதர அரிவையர் ஆடல்பேணத் திங்கள்நாள் விழமல்கு திருநெல்வே லியுறை செல்வர்தாமே. 3.92.9

 

IF TOLD SIMPLY- WORSHIPPING SHIVALING IN YOUR OWN HOME BRINGS AUSPICIOUS MARRITAL LIFE.

 

PLEASE READ THE OTHER NOTES ON- THE INNER MEANING OF SHIVALING

 

Shivling or Shiva lingam connects a devotee with the Supreme Being – Lord Shiva. The lingam is the symbol of Lord Shiva and the lingam puja helps the devotee in understanding Lord Shiva. The Lord cannot be described but still we say he is without a beginning and an end and is without a form. It is difficult for a devotee to understand this formless nature. Therefore Lord Shiva appeared in the form of Jyotirlinga before Brahma and Vishnu. The Lingam thus is a symbol of Lord Shiva. Each Lingam puja, step by step, takes the devotee to the eternal truth – that he/she is part of the Supreme Being.

SOMAVARA VRUTHA FOR WOMEN-Part 1

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Monday Fast & Solah Somvar Vrat Katha ( TO HAVE THE PERFECT HUSBAND)

 

Monday Fast is solely dedicated to Lord Shiva. Bhagvan Shiv is also recognized with names Mahadev, Shankar, Umapati, Rudra, Bhole Nath, Bhole Bhandari, and so on. Mahadev is the supreme Lord for Hindus. Millions of Hindus admire this Lord from the depth of their hearts with extreme devotion. Every Monday you notice a massive crowd of devotees in shrine place or temples of Mahadev, because Monday is very dear to Mahadev.

To know more about Sawan Somvar fast, please visit – Sawan Somvar Vrat

People who is facing obstacles in married life or facing delays in marriage can observe Monday fast. Fasting on Mondays is also beneficial for accomplishing the wish of getting a desired partner. Monday fast can be observed in three ways-simple Monday fast, Som Pradosh Vrat, and Solah somvar vrat (Monday fast for sixteen weeks). Most devotees also observe fast during four or five Mondays of Shravan month. It is believed that worshiping Lord Shiva during Shravan month is very auspicious. And observing Monday fast and reciting Solah Somvar Vrat Katha during Shravan month can make Lord Shiva happy for the sure. As Shravan month is deeply dear to Mahadev. It is believed that Mata Parvati deeply wanted to marry to Lord Shiva, and thus she did solah somvar vrat with immense devotion to get Mahadev.

Methods of Monday Fasting

Monday fasting or observing fast during Monday is very simple, there isn’t much colossal rituals attached to this vrat. But the person who does this vrat should be pure from his heart. On every fasting day he or she should wake up early in the morning and start his routine activities after worshiping Lord Shiva. For worshiping Lord Shiva you can install idol or picture of Lord Shiva at pooja ghar (shrine place) at home. Ideal, you can install Shivaling in your shrine place. Remember! Pooja ghar should be in North-East of direction of your home. And face of Shivalinga should be in North direction. With devotion offer Bel Patra, Roli, chawal, flowers, Dhoop, Dip, Diya, chandan, Dhatura, Milk, Curd, Camphor, Kanher phool, Janeu, and blessed food to Lord Shiva. Decorate or keep these all material in a pooja thali (plate).

Remember! Red Kumkum or Sindur is not offered to Lord Shiva.

After taking bath, you can begin your Monday fast and offer all collected materials one by one to Shivalinga. And after doing Shiva Pooja, read or hear Somvar Vrat Katha, as hearing Somvar Vrat Katha is important part of Monday fast. Chant Mantra ‘OM NAMAH SHIVAY’ throughout the day. And late in the evening after again worshiping Lord Shiva you can have a one time sweet meal without salt. Eating fruits like banana, apple, papaya is also good in Monday fast.

When to begin Monday Fast?

It is believed that Monday fasting will be very fruitful if started from first Monday of Shukla Paksh of Shravan month (June-July). Four or five Monday fasting can be done in a go . And as per willingness the person can continue this fast till 16 weeks of Monday starting from Shukla Paksh ( waxing period of moon) of Shravan month.

But simple Monday fast can also be started from first Monday of Shukla Paksha of Hindi Months – Chaitra, Baisakh, Kartik and Margsheersh.

Somvar Vrat Katha: Story associated to Monday Fast

Katha (Story) of Monday fast (Somvar vrat) goes this way:-

Once upon a time, a rich moneylender used to live in a place. He had wealth and material comforts. But only one pain troubled his heart that he was without the children. He and his wife desperately wanted any child who can continue their progenies. But there was no child in his destiny. He was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva, and routinely used to visit Shiv temple on every Monday. One day Goddess Parvati (wife of Lord Shiva) requested Lord Shiva about hearing prayers of that devotee. Observing profound devotion of that devotee, Lord Mahadev blessed and offered him a baby-boy. But that offering was with one condition that the child will survive till 12 years only. After the birth of that child, everyone was truly happy except that moneylender because he knew that his boy had only 12 years of life. After 11 years, the moneylender thought to send his child to the home of maternal uncle in Kashi for completion of education. Moneylender was aware about the death of his child. But he never broke his devotion towards Lord Shiva. He, in fact, advised his child and child’s maternal uncle to offer yangya, pooja to Lord Shiva. Maternal uncle and that boy started their journey towards home. And in all shrines possible and offered yagya, pooja and gave donation to Brahmin. In their journey they saw a marriage ceremony. And because the groom in the ceremony had defect in one eye, fortunately this boy became groom and got married to a girl of a rich businessman. But that boy had to go with maternal uncle for completion of education so he went to Kashi. One day when maternal uncle was arranging a sacred ceremony for yagya, pooja and for giving donation to Brahmin, that boy felt ill. And because of his illness, his maternal uncle told him to take rest and slip at room. But as the boy had completed his 12 years of age, he had gave-up his life. When maternal uncle saw him dead he was in pain but thought of completing the sacred ceremony first. Fortunately, Mata Parvati and Bhagawan Shiv were passing through their home and saw all relatives crying. As the boy, his parents, and maternal uncle had immensely shown great devotion towards Lord Shiva and did enormous pious work, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati offered life to that boy, once again. And this way that boy returned back home with his bride. Finding him alive his parents were glad and thanked to Mahadev.

Likewise, if any person heartily does Monday fast or worship of Lord Shiva they get immense blessings of Mahadev. Lord Shiva certainly accomplishes all wishes of his devotees. Om Nahah Shivay! Jai Mahadev!

Kularnava Tantra Chapter 1, Verses 26-30

26 This world being plunged into the fathomless time-ocean, the Jiva here, does not realise the lurking crocodiles of death, disease and old age.

26

27 He fails to see that with every moment which passes his body decays; realises not that like an unbaked earthen pot in water, the body is gradually destroying.

27

28 By making an enclosure one can prevent the wind or divide the sky and by erecting a barrier waves could be obstructed but the passage of life cannot be stopped by any means.

28

29 O Devi ! The earth scorches, mount Meru breaks waters of ocean dry, then what to say of the body-that is, the body would also inevitably perish.

29

30 Man keeps on prattling of ‘my children’, ‘my wife’, ‘my wealth’, ‘my relation’ ! Death swallows him when he is still thinking of what is done, and what is half done.